Three questions to understand the political crisis rocking Peru

Peru’s new president’s call for calm has not been heard. However, Dina Boluarte hoped to calm the political crisis that has rocked Peru for a week by calling early general elections in April 2024. On Tuesday, December 13, demonstrations and roadblocks were reported in at least thirteen of the twenty-four regions. Since Sunday, 7 people have died and more than 200 people have been injured as a result of the destruction of protests. A 60-day state of emergency has been declared in seven southern states.

⋙ Peru: Leaders of the pre-Inca civilization brewed hallucinogenic beer to increase their powers

“Protests have intensified since December 7 [à la destitution du président Pedro Castillo, ndlr]. At first it was a small mobilization […] but in later days it became more important […] and more violentEliana Revollar, the intermediary of the Republic, estimated to AFP. “This is a very serious social upheaval, we are afraid that it will lead to an uprising, because there are those who call for an uprising, there are those who want to take up arms.”.

Why was President Pedro Castillo removed from office?

The fall of President Pedro Castillo is weeks, if not months, away. This 53-year-old village teacher, a former radical left trade unionist with no political experience, was elected on July 28, 2021, as Peru’s head of the anti-system program.

In just sixteen months in power, he formed five governments, dismissed dozens of ministers and fired dozens of others, faced six corruption investigations, and withstood two impeachment attempts. The third will be fatal for him.

On Wednesday, December 7, Pedro Castillo orders the dissolution of parliament, which is about to investigate a motion of impeachment against him. In the process, he declared that he wanted to establish an extraordinary emergency government to restore the rule of law and democracy. The condemnations are unanimous. For Vice President Dina Boluarte and other political figures, this is nothing more than an attempt. “Rebellion”. 101 of the 130 parliamentarians who rejected the dissolution of parliament voted for Pedro Castillo’s resignation. “Permanent Moral Impairment”. An air of déjà vu in a country that has seen six presidents in six years.

What are the protesters demanding?

Pedro Castillo is arrested shortly after being fired by law enforcement for sedition and conspiracy while seeking political asylum at the Mexican embassy. His vice-president, Dina Boluarte, from the same party as the former president, is now taking over as interim, making her the first woman to lead the Andean country. In front of a divided Parliament, the 60-year-old lawyer stated that he intends to end his term of office in 2026. “According to the Peruvian Constitution”. But the task promises to be difficult for his fragile government.

Just a few days after Dina Boluarte’s investiture, demonstrations broke out across the country, especially in the Andean regions, which were very favorable to the former president. Thousands of people gathered in the streets of Cajamarca, Arequipa, Tacna, Andahuaylas, Cusco and Puno to protest the dismissal and arrest of Pedro Castillo, as well as to demand the dissolution of parliament, the ouster of Dina Boluarte and early elections. .

⋙ After Lula’s victory in Brazil, a new “pink wave” in Latin America?

For his part, Pedro Castillo does not hesitate to arouse public anger. On December 13, when the justice rejected his request for release, the ex-president used the hearing to “will never give up and never give up [la] cause to whom [l]’brought here’. Before adding: “I was unjustly and arbitrarily arrested, I am neither a thief, nor an aggressor, nor a corruptor, nor a bandit.”

In a handwritten letter he tweeted Monday, he doesn’t call Dina Boluarte.These brats represent usurpers and [ces] idiots of the far right” adds International mail.

Can special elections be organized?

Under pressure from the crowd, Dina Boluarte has proposed calling for a general election, but she is unlikely to call a new vote immediately. Indeed, the Constitution envisages holding presidential elections every five years, that is, in 2026.”Constitutional reform is mandatory because the rule is to enforce the five-year term limits set forth in the Constitution for the President and Congress.”Lawyer Roberto Pereira informed AFP about this.

For this reason, the date of the early elections was moved to April 2024. This delay should allow Dina Boluarte’s government to implement the necessary constitutional reforms. The constitution offers two options: either to approve the reforms by a vote of half of the votes plus 130 deputies, then hold a referendum, or without holding a referendum, get two-thirds of the deputies in the two ordinary legislative bodies. .

Everything will depend on the political will of the Congress, which is dominated by the right and avoids any reduction in Pedro Castillo’s mandate, which will expire in July 2026, when his term should also end. If social pressure increases and demonstrations continue, Dina Boluarte has an alternative: resign to make way for the president of the Congress, who will have to call elections in at least six months.

Read also

Health or economic development? La Oroya, a crossroads mining town in Peru

The Children of Lead study reveals the disaster of lead pollution from northern France to Peru.

Mont La Pérouse, the mysterious underwater mountain at the center of an unprecedented expedition

Mont La Pérouse, the mysterious underwater mountain at the center of an unprecedented expedition

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *