Political summits of 2022 according to challenges
2022 has become an obsession for many of them. After Emmanuel Macron’s first term, which was marked especially by yellow vest demonstrations, the appearance of Covid-19 and its consequences in the public hospital, the war in Ukraine, many political figures saw the replacement of the head of state on April 24. . At the end of the express campaign, it was Emmanuel Macron who was able to retain the trust of the majority of voters. However, the political year did not end after the second round of legislative elections.
Between the long wait until the appointment of Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne, the formation of a new government, the loss of the absolute majority in the National Assembly for the presidential coalition or the election of new leaders for the policies of the leadership of several parties, the 2022 vintage was very rich.
At the end of the year Challenges From Jean-Luc Mélenchon to Marine Le Pen through Olivier Faure or Eric Ciotti, we bring you a retrospective of the personalities who celebrated 2022.
Olivier Faure, First Secretary of the Socialist Party
For Olivier For, the year ends better than it started. Stuck in the campaign of Anne Hidalgo, the candidate of the Socialist Party, whom he nominated in January, he failed to win the Paris mayor’s election. Worse, the direction of the PS, of which he is first secretary, must reaffirm his support for the mayor of Paris four months before the deadline…
After the worst result in the party’s history in April’s presidential election, Olivier Faure is pragmatic and working to keep his political formation alive. In May, he responds positively to La France Insoumise’s call to join the New Popular Ecological and Social Union (Nupes) and form a government agreement for legislative elections. A decision that earned him a real rebellion within the PS, with the harsh criticism of Francois Hollande and the departure of Bernard Cazeneuve before the first round of legislative elections.
His deal was finally approved by the party’s national council after several days of intense media coverage that the PS had not known for years. In June, the PS managed to retain 31 parliamentary seats, including its seat in the Sena and Marna, allowing it to form a political group and retain public funding.
At the beginning of 2023, he will again be subject to the vote of the members and will face two other candidates to retain the post of first secretary of the PS. Meanwhile, he will continue to face criticism from opponents who accuse him of following Jean-Luc Mélenchon and La France Insoumise.
Read also. pas: Who are the two candidates facing Olivier Faure?
Marin Tondelier, National Secretary for European Ecology Greens
2022 has been a good year for the 36-year-old environmental activist ch’ti. After numerous defeats in the legislative elections in 2012, 2017 and 2022 and in the municipality of Henin-Beaumont (Pas-de-Calais) in 2020, Marine Tondelier gained the trust of EELV activists and rose to the head of the party. end of this year.
A feat in a political formation marked by disagreements between Yannick Jadot and Sandrine Rousseau. His runoff summary proposal, which rallied his other opponents around his line, won 90.8% of the 400 congressional representatives in December.
However, it hasn’t always been easy for Yannick Jadot’s spokesperson during the 2022 presidential campaign. The environmental candidate failed to translate the good results of EELV into Europe 2019 and municipal elections 2020. Marin Tondelier, who has just joined the party he wants to change his name, confirmed the desire of environmentalists to play collectively. .. But only within the party.
For example, it refused the alliance with LFI (still a partner in Nupes) for the general list in the next European elections in 2024, despite repeated requests from the foot. He even went so far as to call “Rebels” “forced.” “No, no, it’s 2022,” he said. A way to finally establish yourself as number 1.
also read Sea Tondelier, European Ecology Last chance for the Greens
Yael Brown-Pivet, Speaker of the National Assembly
After really stepping into politics when En Marche was founded in 2016, this criminal lawyer trained and quickly rose through the ranks. MP for Yvelines, then President of the Law Commission, he was re-elected to his seat in June after briefly joining Elisabeth Borne’s first government as Minister for Overseas Territories.
He is nominated to take up residence at the Hôtel de Lassay a few days after his appointment, although the ministry described the rue Oudinot as “the most beautiful portfolio”. Taking advantage of the surprise defeat of Richard Ferrand in the legislative elections in Finistère, Yael Braun-Pivet managed to be elected by her colleagues to the presidency of the National Assembly in June, becoming the state’s fourth personality and the first woman. settle on a perch. Since then, he has fostered the independence of Parliament vis-à-vis the Elysée and advocates consultation with the opposition.
A meteoric rise for this grandson of Poles and Germans who moved to France to escape Nazism. Especially since Yael Braun-Pivet has to face the candidacy of Roland Lescure, who has the “Elysée candidate” stamp. “I am not anyone’s guardian, I don’t have a teacher. I forced myself with my work and determination,” he insists to the world.
Finally, the expatriate French MP backs down in favor of the former volunteer of the “resto du cœur” in Yvelines. Five years ago, it was he who was forced to give way to Richard Ferrand Perchoir. Point out that time changes through persistence.
also read Who is Yael Brown-Pivet, the first woman to preside over the Assembly?
Eric Ciotti, President of the Republican Party
Eric Ciotti, who had been in second place for a long time behind the table, finally became number one among the Republicans on December 11. Nearly a year after he failed to represent the right in the presidential election behind Valery Pécresse, Niçois took his revenge.
His shadow looms large during the presidential campaign of the president of the Ile-de-France region. Having won the first round of Congress, then being beaten in the second round at the end of 2021, he was appointed in January by Valerie Pécresse as an “authorized adviser” on his campaign team. In his speech, the Republican candidate is said to be trying to be more right-wing. He then accepts the terms “clean with karcher” and “great replacement” attributed to Nicolas Sarkozy for one and the extreme right for the other.
In turn, he denies that the candidate LR has a gray reputation. He continues to campaign for him, always presenting himself as more right-wing, even declaring that he will vote for Eric Zemmour in the 2nd round if there is a clash between the former journalist and Emmanuel Macron. A speech he has since returned to, but who cares, the message got through. After the historic defeat of the right-wing party in the presidential elections, it is growing stronger within the party. Re-elected in the 1st Constituency of Alpes-Maritimes for the third time in a row in the legislative elections, he even manages to scratch his eternal rival Christian Estro from Nice with the election of his protégé Christelle d’Intorni. . The latter was against Marine Brenier, a candidate invested by the majority and close to the current mayor of Nice.
Over the summer, he announced his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination in December. Eric Ciotti was chosen to lead the party ahead of Bruno Retailleau, despite accusations of so-called embezzlement specifically targeting his ex-wife when she worked for him. He had declared that his election would be synonymous with the almost automatic candidacy of Laurent Wauquiez at the Elysee in 2027, but his rather narrow success leaves the question open. Many predicted that his election, synonymous with a shift to the far right, would accelerate the departure of many Republicans to Horizons, the party of Edward Philip. Currently, there are very few. Another victory for someone who will have another challenge in 2023: clarifying his party’s line on the executive branch’s proposed pension reform.
also read addendum for ciotti LR president, Marine Le Pen
Marine Le Pen, president of the National Rally group in the National Assembly
In January 2022, we don’t give too much Marine Le Pen skin. Eric Zemmour, his new challenger on the far right in this presidential election, is rising in polls and defections from his camp to join a succession of political upstarts at an almost weekly pace. Chinese torture had no effect on the fearless political leader… until a former journalist from Le Figaro sent his niece into the army in March. “There are betrayals that hurt more than others,” she says. But since he did not hesitate to expel his father from the party in 2015, there is no question of changing the political line. He insists on purchasing power, not immigration, without softening his far-right program. especially with its measure of national advantage.
The war in Ukraine reshuffles the cards at the end of winter, and the French are more worried about the wallet consequences of this conflict than the “great replacement” recommended by Eric Zemmour. The strategy of the deputy for Pas-de-Calais hit the bull’s eye and he found himself again in the second round of the presidential elections in April against Emmanuel Macron, resisting the hope of a return of Jean-Luc Mélenchon, the first evening. round. Unlike in 2017, he does not completely miss the debate against the head of state between the two rounds. He manages to achieve the best score in terms of percentage and number of votes for the far right in the presidential election with over 13 million voters.
After this result, he retains his seat as deputy of Pas-de-Calais and takes 88 deputies with him to the Hemicycle in early July for the start of the parliamentary term. Unheard of for a far right formation. Despite apparent good behavior, RN’s slips back to Hemicycle. In November, Grégoire de Fournas made racist remarks in the middle of a session, which led to his 15-day suspension. Behind the scenes, Marine Le Pen is fuming and asking her deputies to “measure every word,” BFM-TV reports. A few days ago, in October, he celebrated his party’s 50th anniversary without inviting his father, who was a founding member. He is handing over the reins of RN to Jordan Bardella to devote himself to the presidency of the group in the hemisphere. For him, 2027 began this year.
also read Poutine, Orban… difficult allies of Marine Le Pen
They could be : Jordan Bardella, Aurore Berge, Laurent Wauquiez